Governments must protect children from being abducted, sold or moved to a different place in or outside their country for the purpose of exploitation.
The 2nd of December is the United Nations International Day for the Abolition of Slavery. We usually associate slavery with History lessons but more than 40 million people worldwide are victims of modern slavery and almost one in ten children around the world are subject to child labour.
Every child has the right to the best possible health. Governments must provide clean water…and a clean environment…so that children can stay healthy. Richer countries must help poorer countries achieve this.
This year, the theme is sanitation and climate change.
4.2 billion people are still without access to well managed sanitation. In the current pandemic we are told to wash our hands and practice good hygiene. Imagine how difficult this would be without safe, clean and reliable toilet facilities.
The effects of climate change threaten sanitation systems. For instance, floodwater can damage toilets and spread human waste into water supplies, food crops and people’s homes. These incidents, which are becoming more frequent as climate change worsens, cause public health emergencies and damage the environment.
Globally, 80% of wastewater flows back into the ecosystem without being treated or reused. Wastewater and sludge from toilets contain valuable water, nutrients and energy. Sustainable sanitation systems also make productive use of waste to safely use in agriculture and reduce and capture emissions for greener energy.
Every child must be free to express their thoughts and opinions and to access all kinds of information, as long as it is within the law.
Pupils may have a lot of free time over the summer holiday and find time to access lots of information and have the opportunity to express themselves. Here is some guidance from the Children and Young People’s Commissioner Scotland about this right and restrictions placed on it:
“people can express themselves in all kinds of different ways, such as:
talking out loud
posting things on the internet
writing things for a book or newspaper.
As other articles of the UNCRC make clear, a child or young person should be able to express themselves regardless of their religion or culture.
Restrictions on freedom of expression
There are some limits to freedom of expression. These aren’t just in place for children and young people— the limits set out in Article 13 are exactly the same as the limits placed on the expression of adults. Some things the right to freedom of expression doesn’t let people do are listed below.
People can’t express themselves in a way that would harm the rights or reputations of others. For example, they don’t have the right to reveal private information about someone, or to say things about a person that aren’t true.
People can’t express themselves in a way that would threaten the safety of others. For example, they can’t tell people there’s a fire in a crowded building when there isn’t.
People can’t express themselves in a way that would hurt members of their community.”