All people under 18 have the rights the UNCRC talks about, no matter who they are.
Human Rights Day is observed every year on December the 10th. This is the day, in 1948, that the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). As well as these human rights, there are rights which apply to every child under 18, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). For the full list of rights in the UNCRC go to https://cypcs.org.uk/rights/uncrc/articles/.
“Where, after all, do universal human rights begin? In small places, close to home — so close and so small that they cannot be seen on any maps of the world. […] Unless these rights have meaning there, they have little meaning anywhere. Without concerted citizen action to uphold them close to home, we shall look in vain for progress in the larger world.” Eleanor Roosevelt
Governments must protect children from being abducted, sold or moved to a different place in or outside their country for the purpose of exploitation.
The 2nd of December is the United Nations International Day for the Abolition of Slavery. We usually associate slavery with History lessons but more than 40 million people worldwide are victims of modern slavery and almost one in ten children around the world are subject to child labour.
Every child has the right to the best possible health. Governments must provide clean water…and a clean environment…so that children can stay healthy. Richer countries must help poorer countries achieve this.
This year, the theme is sanitation and climate change.
4.2 billion people are still without access to well managed sanitation. In the current pandemic we are told to wash our hands and practice good hygiene. Imagine how difficult this would be without safe, clean and reliable toilet facilities.
The effects of climate change threaten sanitation systems. For instance, floodwater can damage toilets and spread human waste into water supplies, food crops and people’s homes. These incidents, which are becoming more frequent as climate change worsens, cause public health emergencies and damage the environment.
Globally, 80% of wastewater flows back into the ecosystem without being treated or reused. Wastewater and sludge from toilets contain valuable water, nutrients and energy. Sustainable sanitation systems also make productive use of waste to safely use in agriculture and reduce and capture emissions for greener energy.