Article 32 (child labour)
Governments must protect children from economic exploitation and work that is dangerous or might harm their health, development or education. Governments must set a minimum age for children to work and ensure that work conditions are safe and appropriate.
On the 12th June it is World Day Against Child Labour. The International Labour Organization states “children shouldn’t work in fields, but on dreams. Yet today, 152 million children are still in child labour. Child labour occurs in almost all sectors, yet 7 out of every 10 of these children are working in agriculture” (http://www.ilo.org/ipec/Campaignandadvocacy/wdacl/2019/lang–en/index.htm).
Sustainable Development Goal 8 target 7 is for the global community to take immediate and effective measures to eliminate the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg8. Over the past 100 years the International Labour Organization has been working to achieve this and in some parts of the world child labour is still an issue. However in Scotland there are laws which protect children against child labour. It is important that you know your rights and the laws which protect them.
Guide for young people and employment laws https://www.gov.scot/publications/employment-children-guide-children/pages/1/
The law and children working https://www.nspcc.org.uk/preventing-abuse/child-protection-system/legal-definition-child-rights-law/law-children-working/
Article 6 (life, survival and development)
Every child has the right to life. Governments must do all they can to ensure that children survive and develop to their full potential.
On Wednesday 5th June 2019 it is World Environment Day. World Environment Day is the United Nations day for encouraging worldwide awareness and action to protect our environment and hopefully getting governments to make changes to help children survive and develop to their full potential. This year the theme is air pollution and you are being asked to take the mask challenge. We often think of air pollution affecting cities in China and India but last year the S1s took part in the Unicef Outright campaign and tested the air quality on Braehead Way. The results showed Bridge of Don Academy is in an area of medium nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels (an air pollutant) compared to the rest of the schools that took part. Air pollution can damage children’s growth and leave them with lasting health problems, increase their risk of conditions like asthma and reduce their brain development. This means air pollution links to UNCRC Article 6 and also 24 “Every child has the right to the best possible health.”
On World Environment Day, show how you have taken action by taking a photo or video of you wearing an air mask and taking action then post it on social media using #WorldEnvironmentDay and #BeatAirPollution in your social media posts and don’t forget to tag @UNEnvironment.
Some examples of how you can take action on Wednesday 5th June (and onwards) include:
- Use public transport or car sharing, cycle or walk
- Switch to a hybrid or electric vehicle and request electric taxis
- Turn off the car engine when stationary
- Reduce your consumption of meat and dairy to help cut methane emissions
- Compost organic food items and recycle non-organic trash
- Switch to high-efficiency home heating systems and equipment
- Save energy: turn off lights and electronics when not in use
- Choose non-toxic paints and furnishings
Article 26 (social security)
Every child has the right to benefit from social security. Governments must provide social security, including financial support and other benefits, to families in need of assistance.
Children and young people should get financial support from the State when their parents or guardians are unable to provide them with a good enough standard of living by themselves (https://www.cypcs.org.uk/rights/uncrcarticles/article-26).
At a school level we are working towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals linked to this right (SDG 1: No Poverty, SDG2: Zero Hunger and SDG4: Quality Education) because lack of resources and hunger can be a barrier to learning for some of our pupils. Bridge of Don Academy tries to help in many ways. These include:
- the Breakfast Club which happens every morning at 8am in GP2,
- financial support if your family are struggling to pay for practical classes or school trips,
- equipment provided in classrooms,
- the ‘Comfort Closets’ and
- the new ‘Learning Boxes’.
Film ‘Your Right to Social Security in Scotland’ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ChPfGgNr6n4
Information about benefits and grants https://www.mygov.scot/benefits/
Social Security information on Scottish Human Rights Commission website http://www.scottishhumanrights.com/economic-social-cultural-rights/social-security/
BoDA Comfort Closets https://bridgeofdon.aberdeen.sch.uk/wp/?p=6153
BoDA Breakfast Club https://bridgeofdon.aberdeen.sch.uk/wp/?p=6219